USA Bingo Host More Great Promotions on สล็อต 888

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USA สล็อต 888 has stormed into 2010 with more fabulous online bingo promotions, which are already proving successful amongst its many members.

So why are more and more online bingo players choosing USA Bingo? The site boasts about their ‘unique promotions’ and games are available to play online 24/7. If you visit the site then check out Bingo Central because you will be overwhelmed by the current offers. For instance, if you play ‘Diamondz are a Girl’s Best Friend’ you could be the lucky recipient to claim a share of $1000. You could also liven up your weekend in Bingo Central by participating in Jeeves’s Jackpot. This game is available at the end of each month. The next chance to play is February 27 & 28 with an amazing $10,000 up for grabs.

Like most other online bingo sites, USA Bingo is hosting something really special to commemorate Valentines Day. Bingo Central brings you the ‘$7,500 Love Bug Power Hour Weekend.’ This promotion will be running from February 13 – 15 between 10 – 11 pm. Within the hour you can play up to ten entertaining games, which could place $250 into your online account. You can also pre-purchase packages to make sure you don’t miss out on this love fest. Bingo packages are available as follows:

$25 – 5 cards per game

$75 – 15 cards per game

$125 – 25 cards per game

Are you convinced yet? USA Bingo award new members with incredible sign-up incentives. The site offers great online bingo games, fantastic jackpots, casino games and the pleasure of enjoying a massive online chat community. If you join today you will be rewarded with a 250% sign-up bonus as well as a 50% cash-back guarantee. If you’re still not convinced then maybe you should feast your eyes on their latest offer.

USA Bingo will give new players 30 free bucks to try out the site before you decide. You will not be disappointed – what have you got to lose?

Who Will Become Mr. And Mrs. Wink?

Valentine’s Day is only a few days away and there will be many online bingo players planning a special surprise for their loved ones this weekend.  What about the singletons who don’t have anyone to share the most romantic weekend of the year with? Wink Bingo is catering for the members who are waiting for cupid’s arrow to hit by hosting Mr. & Mrs. Wink Bingo. If you don’t have plans this Valentines Day then you might be interested in visiting Wink Bingo’s site right away.

Wink Bingo staff have put together a fantastic plan to join two of its members this February and send them on a romantic and memorable date. The promotion has already been attracting flocks of women who have already been short-listed for the title of Mrs. Wink Bingo. The overall lucky lady will have the opportunity to choose from the top five Mr. Wink Bingo entrants.

The search for Mrs. Wink Bingo ended yesterday on casino en lignebut there is still a chance to play for Mr. Wink. Love-hungry men can enter the competition from the 12 – 24 February and the winners will be announced on the website on February 26. To enter, all you need to do is fill in the online form and hope that the lucky lady chooses your photo. Just think, this time in two weeks, you could be enjoying a romantic blind date, courtesy of Wink Bingo. Like most online promotions, there are a few rules regarding entry:

All entrants must be over 18 yrs and single

Winners must be willing to be photographed and interviewed following the date.

Agreement to a further interview a month after the date…

Steroids for Longevity and Disease Free Life | best botox providers in hawaii

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Sustanon has the label of the initial multi-estered combination of testosterone readily obtainable in the medical stores. In the first phase, this medicine was used for Hormone Replacement Therapy. At present, too many variations of this medicine is in the market but not as effective as Sustanon. Testosterone levels are stabled with the help of Sustanon. We recommend you to check out this website https://www.instagram.com/impeccable_aesthetics/–  to learn about their “best botox providers in hawaii” services.

Therefore, the patients were free from taking frequent injections. Later, it turned out to be quite priced and people began to move on to other products. Now, the wind is moving in the direction of Sustanon for developing muscles within no time. Moreover, weight loss happens and many men both young and old are regularly using this medicine for easily packed muscles. While taking steroids and hormone injections, the major side effect that occurs is muscle wasting leading to osteoporosis. Common steroids also increase the production of red blood cells thereby leading to kidney failure.

Deca is the common name for Deca Durabolin. This steroid too possesses a long-lasting history when compared to other steroids. The results are positive and very effectively have been used for easing aids. This phenomenal steroid is usually ingested in combination with Tren. Now, as the brand name Deca leads the market, youngsters and gymnastics intake this steroid without any harmful effects on any internal and vital organs in the human body. It was Deca that actually threw away the fear people had on using steroids and gave a much positive outlook of being health friendly.

Are you a bodybuilding buff?

Are you a bodybuilding buff and looking for some hormone growth inducing medicines? You may have tried various exercise regimes and various health supplements. If still not able to achieve the desired results, then, steroids will be more than useful for your cause. Under the supervision of a qualified physician, you can find right steroids suitable for your muscle growth and achieve your favoured body shape.

At Isteroids.com, you can find information, regarding the steroids. There are various anabolic steroids available at this site, and you could buy those online. You can search for your required anabolic steroids at “buy anabolic steroids” section and details regarding legal issues related to anabolic steroids at “anabolic steroids” section.

If you are interested in understanding various aspects of individual steroids, check the anabolic steroids profiles section. If you go through the featured articles, most of your doubts regarding steroids will be cleared. Those who want to get idea about the usage of steroid, the effects and the process etc, its good to check out anabolic steroids cycles section. You can also subscribe for their anabolic steroid newsletter if you are interested in getting latest news about steroids.

In their forum, you can discuss about anabolic steroids with different individuals. There are various videos listed in this site, which describe the features of certain steroids. So, all those who are willing to participate in bodybuilding contests can check out competitions at “bodybuilding contests” section. Buy a good anabolic steroid, and build your body to that level which will envy others.…

How to Stay Away From Junk Food Using Frozen Food | Under eye filler near me raleigh nc

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Everyday obligations often prevent people from caring about their nutrition. It’s true that grabbing a slice of pizza or a “small” snack packed with fats and sugars can save time, but in the long run you end up spending more money than you’d spend cooking at home, and you probably gain weight. To learn more about “Under eye filler near me raleigh nc“, visit –https://www.needledriver.com

Cooking and eating at home sounds good, but in practice, it’s very difficult to pull off. In fact, there’s no magical, easy solution to the “eating healthy while working 8 hours a day” problem. What might help, I’ve found, is using frozen food.

Just to be clear, we’re still talking about cooking at home, but this is an easier, modified version of it. We’re talking about cooking once a week and having home-cooked meal ready for every day of the working week.

This requires shopping in bulk on weekends and spending a few hours cooking.

Here are a few rules for shopping for food:

– Make a list of things to buy and don’t stray away from it.

– Don’t buy things that you’re not 100% sure you’ll eat.

– Don’t buy frozen ready-made meals because, whatever their labels says, they are usually unhealthy.

– Try to focus on vegetables and fruits.

– Go to stores that offer discounts, coupons, etc.

And now a few pieces of advice on cooking and freezing food:

– Wash all vegetables and fruits. Vegetables should be blanched (boiled in hot water for a minute or two, then poured into cold water to cool) to stop the enzymes from spoiling them.

– Cut vegetables into smaller pieces, the way you will be using them when you decide to cook (chop up onions, dice tomatoes, cut up carrots, separate the cauliflower into florets, etc.)

– Put cut up vegetables, fruits and meat into one-serving-size freezer bags.

– Prepare a meal for the day, but make large quantities, so that you can freeze some of it for the days to come.

– Label all freezer bags with the name of the food and the date you froze it.

Every night decide what you will eat the next day when you come home from work, and put it in the refrigerator to defrost. Defrosting in the refrigerator for a day or two is the safest way to thaw. If you forget to do it, thawing under cold water is also an option.

Knowing that you have a defrosted healthy cooked meal waiting for you at home when you get home from work will most probably dissuade you form buying junk food. Or, knowing that you have nicely chopped onions, tomatoes, carrots, and pieces of white meat ready to cook up a great meal in 15 minutes, will certainly help your budget.

Cooking and freezing food sounds like a little bit more work than eating out, but it saves you money, good waistline, and most important of all, you know you are eating healthy.

Author bio: Ana Brady is a mother of two and a writer who enjoys writing about family tradition, children, health, food, recreation, etc. She works on a project on bar-code labels and pin-feed printer labels.…

Breast Implants are they right for you? | Laser hair removal near me West Hollywood

 

Although there has and continues to be controversy about it, breast implants are still considered by many as the best method to enlarge your breasts. In you are interested in learning about “Laser hair removal near me West Hollywood“, visit this website https://crmcaesthetics.com/– today.

However, there has, in recent years, been a flood of breast enhancement and breast enlargement supplements put on the market.

Makers of breast pumps would have you believe that theirs is the best method to enlarge breasts but this is still to be proved. Other methods to enlarge breasts include vacuum devices, natural herbal and non-herbal pills, and massage creams in an attempt to improve their busts naturally.

If you don’t want to have surgery or use vacuum devices then perhaps using herbal pills is the method you should try.

The manufacturers of breast enlargement cream state that with its use the breasts will be more shapely and firmer plus a cup size increase of two or more. It is also argued that breast enlargement cream is not so effective when used in isolation.

If you have decided to use creams or pill you will need to have some patience as very little improvement will be seen for the first couple of months. As with any form of medication, breast enlargement pills and creams vary so will the results from person to person. Some studies have stated that breast enlargement pills interfere other forms of medication.

Believe it or not, women who go into a natural breast enhancement program or treatment with a positive, determined attitude are the ones who are most likely going to have the greatest success in alternatively altering their breast size. An increase in breast size can make it easier for some women to buy clothes off the peg and look more in proportion to their body and the same can be said for breast reduction.

Alternative breast enlargement methods are the first choice for many women that are concerned about side effects associated with surgical enhancement. Both parties, both the advocates of surgical and natural breast enlargement claim to have had success. The one thing that critics of natural breast enhancement cannot argue with though is the difference in cost between the two methods.

Whilst with natural breast enlargement methods it can take a couple of months to start seeing improvements it takes less than two hours with surgical enhancement. Although possible health complications are always questions a cosmetic surgeon will be asked by a woman before allowing them to surgically alter her breasts.

It is always wise however, for a woman having breast enlargement to be realistic about the outcome. If you are someone considering breast enlargement, your first port of call should be your doctor so you can discuss all the options available and possible risk factors.…

Dark Circle Under Eyes… What To Do?Explained by RevanceX

Dark circles under the eyes are many times very distressing for people because it makes them appear tired, sad or hung over. Usually these circles worsen with age and lack of sleep. For any “Medspa agency ” inquiries, contact “Medspa agency

Possible causes include excessive pigmentation, thin lower eyelid skin overlying the eye muscle, patients with allergies, and patients with very little eyelid fat thus showing the vascular plexus (blood vessels) in the underlying muscle creating dark circles.

What are the treatments available to remove dark circles under the eyes?

Treatment options for correcting dark circles abound in the over the counter genera including topical creams, gels and ointments. However, there is little evidence to support their effectiveness. The most important point before trying to correct dark circles under the eyes is ascertaining the underlying cause. There are many treatment options available ranging from topical creams, chemical peels, lasers and fat transplantation.

Chemical peeling agents include trichloroacetic acid at various percentages, and alpha-hydroxy acids such as Glycolic acid. These acids work by destruction of the epidermis and dermis thereby helping to reduce pigmentation. It is important to be very cautious when using chemical peeling because if the peel used is too strong it may cause darker circles or even very light circles.

Lasers have been successful to help reduce dark eye circles. These lasers include the Q-switched alexandrite and the Nd:YAG.  Although laser treatments have shown positive results on some patients, the treatments do not always completely remove the dark circles. It is recommended to consider this modality only in the hands of a skilled dermatologist.

Fat Transplantation can be helpful for patients who have thinning and translucent lower eyelid skin. Many times very thin skin will reveal the underlying vascularity of the vascular pexus within the underlying eye muscle resulting in dark circles. One study showed an average of 78% improvement after fat transplantation.

Another option besides fat transplantation is using soft-tissue fillers hyaluronic acid gel such as Restylane® and JUVÉDERM® . These fillers yield great results improving dark eye circles and last up to a year. It is advised to choose a dermatologist who has many years’ experience with soft-tissue fillers and is an expert on advanced injection techniques especially under the eyes to avoid the filler to be placed in the incorrect area thus causing a blue discoloration.

In conclusion dark eye circles are a common problem that affects many people and can be quite cosmetically bothersome. The most important part in treating this problem is finding out and identifying the underlying problem. Only then can one approach the many different treatment modalities in a sensible and logical manner. There are many treatment options available with benefits and side effects so choose your treating physician wisely.…

Our favorite 8g88 is on a nice rush. I won’t say his name for fear of jinxing him!

And you gotta take a peek at all of 8g88 and Iggy’s Vegas write ups. Here’s some of the best of the best of HDouble:

We call Iggy’s hotel room, but he’s nowhere to be found, so M and I stumble hazily into a cab, steeling ourselves for the insanity we’ll shortly face at the Horseshoe. The first day of the big one, and we arrive at Binion’s at around 2:00 PM to battle our way through a huge crowd of observers. ESPN cameras and boom mikes hover around Hellmuth, Doyle sits calmly, and a crowd has gathered behind the window in back of Johnny Chan’s seat.

I’d never thought much of the WSOP. There’s just too much luck involved in winning one big tournament, and I never really understood all the hype. But sitting there, looking at the best of the best at the beginning of a 7 day shootout for all the money, I finally got it. It’s the experience. Nobody in this thing really expects to win, but the rush of playing the best in the world, and just having a chance… that’s what the WSOP is all about.

And a snippet of Iggy:

Long story short – we ended up at a casino called Terrible’s playing craps. Damn, we had fun. The table was rocking and rolling all night as we sunk further and further into savage drunkeness. I’m not sure what did it, but we ended up tilting out the craps boss. I had some help from M, who nicknamed the guy Don Rickles, which the entire table quickly picked up on. It was too damn funny because this guy was openly rooting against us. I suspected he was just bitter about us winning because he was, in reality, the casino owner just slumming it at the craps table.

The Poker Nerd had somethings to say about the future winners of Celebrity Poker Letdown. Don’t miss it:

3rd Place — Star Jones — Could be better than I think, but my guess is her ego, matched only by her size, gets the best of her. I bet Barbara Walters takes all the money in The View’s home game…

Lastly, some Penguin Droppings from the man from New Zealand himself:

Like the Hammer, this may prove to be nothing more than an amusing piece of stupidity. Which brings me back to the question that started it all. What do I feel Sully should do with the Hammer in the BB in an unraised family pot. Well, I think he should check. But I always check my big blinds in limit poker unless there’s only one other person in the pot and I think he’s cheeky. In this case, it’s not yet a value bet, and there are too many players to try and Vegas out of the pot.

Oh wait, the main question was “how is the hammer properly played?”. I don’t have a clue, I don’t play properly. I mean I’m advocating calling as an aggressive play.

As always quality Penguin.…

Ayurvedic Remedies For Acne

 

In Ayurvedic medicine for acne, it is believed that acne is caused by disturbed systems of the body. Deposits of excess fats and toxins in the body are the major causes of acne. You can also learn about “expert filler injector“, click here.

The oldest known form of medicine native to the Indian subcontinent, Ayurvedic medicine uses detoxification, diet, Ayurvedic herbs for acne and exercise to improve health, mental and emotional well-being as well as acne.

In Ayurveda, each person has a distinct pattern of energy – a specific combination of physical, mental and emotional characteristics. It is also believed that there are three basic energy types, called doshas, present in every person, and these determine the basic body type:

vata – energy that regulates body functions associated with blood circulation;

pitta – energy that governs the body’s metabolic systems, including digestion and body temperature;

kapha – energy that controls growth in the body. It supplies water to all parts of the body, moisturizes the skin and maintains the immune system.

Many factors, including stress, lack of sleep, diet, lifestyle, the environment and hormones, are thought to disturb the dosha balance, and these disturbances are expressed as disease in the body, acne being a skin disease. Ayurvedic remedies for acne usually include Ayurvedic diet for acne and herbs, yoga and medication to rebalance the doshas.

Your Diet As An Ayurvedic Cure For Acne

Besides applying Ayurvedic herbs for acne to the affected areas, a good Ayurvedic cure for acne is watching your diet. Some recommended dietary measures include

Eating only when earlier food is digested

Eliminating saturated fats from your diet

Avoiding oily, spicy and pungent food

Eating plenty of fresh, leafy vegetables which have been properly washed to prevent constipation

Drinking plenty of water with added fresh lemon juice

Drinking fresh fruit juices such as grape juice

Eating only compatible food in a single meal

Eating slowly and chewing your food well

Eliminating fast food and processed food from your diet

More Herbal Remedies For Acne

Herbal remedies for acne are gaining popularity as there are many herbs that have both anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties. Calendula, witch hazel, tea tree oil, German chamomile, liquorice root, flaxseed and flaxseed oil work on reducing the amount of P.acnes bacteria, and reducing secondary infection. Some herbs also have diuretic, hormone normalizing and antimicrobial properties, and can be used to support the endocrine system both topically and internally.

Herbalists take an individual approach, assessing, treating and reviewing any prescription regularly. Following assessment, a herbalist will be able to furnish you with information concerning the expected outcome and typical timescales. Herbal acne treatments will vary depending upon how long and what type of acne someone has.

For example, a woman with menstrual-related acne will receive a prescription which includes herbs with anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and immune-enhancing properties, together with a regulatory effect on the endocrine system.

Herbal cures for acne are gentle but effective, and may be used to influence the lymphatic system. By adopting the recommended lifestyle changes and using herbal cures for pimples, you can achieve a sustained improvement in your acne condition.

Herbal remedies for acne are safe, with are side-effects, and are well tolerated. They can be used to treat chronic skin complaints safely under qualified guidance by all age groups. This is unlike many of the over-the-counter acne treatment products and prescription drugs which often tend to have unpleasant or harmful side effects.

There is a growing concern over the use of harmful chemicals in acne treatments. Since herbal cures for acne are usually free of harmful chemicals, they are rapidly becoming popular. These herbal acne treatments can be in the form of lotions, creams, herbal teas or home-made formulations.

The Best Herbal Remedies For Acne

1) Echinacea, Tea Tree Oil and Oregon Grape

These herbal cures for acne help boost the immune system to combat acne. Tea tree oil has antiseptic properties and helps in fighting fungal infections.

2) Apricot And Citrus Juices

These juices are natural skin exfoliators, clearing away dead skin cells which may clog your pores and cause acne. These juices also help to remove cysts from the system.

3) Chamoise And Oatmeal

Both chamoise and oatmeal have significant anti-inflammatory and healing properties. Apply them to the affected parts to relieve pain and irritation.

4) Licorice

Licorice stimulates the adrenal glands and increases your body’s ability to fight the bacteria which causes acne and pus.

5) Nutmeg And Red Sandalwood

Ground the nutmeg and mix it with red sandalwood. Apply the paste on the affected areas and wash it after 15 minutes.

6) Chickpea Flour And Tumeric Powder

Combine one teaspoonful of chickpea flour, pinch of turmeric powder, along with curd. Mix them well and apply on the whole face. Wash it off with warm water.

These herbal cures for acne can be used as a topical application on affected areas. Alternatively, you can simply make a herbal tea for acne by boiling herbs in water and leaving it to cool. Herbal teas for acne can be made from aloe, chickweed, valerian, red clover, dandelion, ginseng and echinacea.…

27 Health Tips For Foreign Travel

When you leave the comfort of your home country and travel to different climates and environments abroad, you risk exposure to diseases and health risks. Diseases that are not prevalent in the US such as malaria, dengue fever, rabies and yellow fever are prevalent in other countries. It’s important that you understand what to do in order to stay healthy during your foreign travel.

Vaccinations And Immunizations

Even as you decide on your next destination, do the following:

Check the CDC website for information on prevalent diseases and health outbreaks at your destination

Discuss the list of health risks with your doctor and find out what immunizations and vaccinations you need

Some vaccinations need to be taken several months before travel, so be sure to plan your travel according to your vaccination schedule

If you’re visiting a dengue and malaria prone area, you may need to continually take anti-malarial medication during your travel

Existing Medical Conditions

Understand that you may fall sick while abroad; take precautions in advance. Do the following if you have an existing medical condition: You can also learn about “where can fillers be used on face“, click here

Take out sufficient travel insurance when you know that you could fall sick during your travel. You want to avoid major medical bills, if possible, or at least obtain reimbursements for medical treatment on foreign shores

Carry sufficient quantity of prescription medications to last the duration of your trip. Don’t presume that you might be able to buy more medications at your destination; you may not get the same brand, or the same dosage elsewhere

When you get to your destination, register with your home country’s embassy and ask them to refer a suitable hospital and doctor for you.

Visit the doctor at the earliest possible and show your most recent medical reports and your medications. Make sure the doctor is available for you if there’s an emergency

If you have any major allergies or if you suffer from diabetes or similar conditions, instruct your hotel management on emergency help

Carry a card in your wallet at all times, listing allergies, if any, especially allergies to medicines.

If you are a diabetic, make sure the hotel management knows what first aid to provide if you have a hypo or hyperglycemic attack. Write down detailed instructions and leave your glucometer on a table where it’s easily visible.

Make sure your travel insurer knows about existing medical conditions if any. This may hike up your premium, but it’s well worth it if you fall sick and need help with bill payment or reimbursement.

If you have any pre-existing medical condition, check with your doctor how the travel, local climate and pollution levels may affect you

Pre-Travel Consultation And Advice

Before traveling, make sure you consult with your doctor and get some pre-travel consultation and advice.

If you are currently pregnant, or if you have had a baby in the last six months, get your doctor’s clearance for travel

If your medical history includes deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, blood disorders, cancer, etc., make sure your doctor clears you for travel.

If you are taking contraceptives for medical reasons or a hormonal medication such as thyroxin, get your doctor to prescribe quantities for your travel duration. Keep copies of the prescription for proof

General Precautions

Before traveling, check if your prescription medication is legal in the country you plan to visit.

Carry your doctor’s letter detailing your previous and present medical history, recommendations for treatments and medical prescriptions

Inform your friends and family of your travel plans and stay in touch with them via phone, online chat and email. This way, if you’re not in touch for a couple of days, they’ll know to contact the local home country embassy and police station.

Put the number for police and emergency services on speed dial on your cell phone.

Always use condoms; buy a few condoms at a time and don’t use old ones. Be sure to check the expiry dates

Learn the local language for existing medical conditions if any and how to call for emergency help. Also know what local medication brands correspond to your prescriptions.

Food and drink safety

If you must eat local food offered by street vendors, sample a little and then wait to see how well your body accepts the food.

Don’t eat too much of anything; sometimes the body is fine with small portions but will balk at large portions of unfamiliar food.

Keep a list of water and food borne diseases in the specific area.

Always boil and filter tap water before drinking. Make sure that the seal is intact on bottled water.

Keep some anti-bacterial wipes handy all the time, and clean your hands often.

 

 

 

 

 …

Internet Gambling Operators Blast Dikshit Settlement, Urge EU Action

The Remote Gambling Association (RGA), an association speaking for some of the largest British and European internet gambling operators, today blasted US authorities in light of the $300M settlement reached yesterday with togel online largest shareholder Anurag Dikshit.  Dikshit pleaded guilty to charges under the Wire Act stemming from PartyGaming’s operations in the US prior to passage of the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act (UIGEA).  The RGA urged the European Commission to protect EU interests from what it calls, “WTO-violating retroactive and discriminatory enforcement by US authorities.”

 

“These events show that the outgoing US administration and the Department of Justice have shown a total disrespect for the legal rights of European online gaming companies and those associated with them and a complete disregard for US international commitments under GATS,” said Clive Hawkswood, Chief Executive of the RGA.

 

EU Commissioner Peter Mandelson wrote to the Bush Administration’s United States Trade Representative (USTR) in June 2008 requesting a freeze on all enforcement actions by the US authorities against European online gaming companies on the grounds that they violated international trade rules set by the World Trade Organization. Mandelson suggested that the prosecutions stop until a proper dialog could take place so as to avoid unnecessary escalation of the dispute at a time when the EU had already launched an inquiry into US actions following an RGA complaint made under EU Trade Barrier Regulations.

 

“Not only has that request remained unanswered, but now the US authorities, it seems, have succeeded in pressuring a major shareholder into making a deal. A major line has been crossed and it could set a very worrying precedent,” said Hawkswood.

 

“It’s amazing really that a company which has just been voted by the leading industry publication as ‘responsible operator of the year’ is the one that has been most targeted for this sort of enforcement activity,” Hawkswood continued. PartyGaming Plc never offered sports-betting to avoid violating US law and ceased accepting US customers for its poker and casino games when the still-controversial Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act 2006 was passed. “Other businesses that are still active in the US market, including notably US operators, do not appear to be targeted in the same way. That this happens while the US Internet gambling market, the biggest in the world, continues to grow and while US companies are free to develop their businesses in Europe, is quite astonishing. In the circumstances it is not unreasonable for us once again to seek the support and protection of the European Commission. We hope and believe that these continuing breaches of international law by the US will serve to strengthen the Commission’s resolve.”

 

The EU Commission started an investigation of the RGA’s complaint in March 2008. “The US has been given ample opportunity to respond to the legal and factual arguments presented in our complaint,” said Lode Van Den Hende of Herbert Smith, the RGA’s law firm in Brussels. “However, we understand the US’ defense has been flimsy and that the Commission will, therefore, have to confirm the RGA’s assessment of WTO unlawful, retroactive and discriminatory enforcement. The next question is what will be done about it, given the acceleration of events causing this dispute.”

 

Commenting on Dikshit’s guilty plea, Lode Van Den Hende explained, “What people need to understand here is that pleading guilty does not necessarily mean guilty. It is more than possible for the plea-bargaining system to act as an asymmetrical weapon in the hands of the prosecutors and one has to question whether that is happening here. If one looks at the fact that no court has yet applied the Wire Act to Internet gambling beyond sports-betting and that the activity ceased when UIGEA was passed, one has to wonder whether this is the right way for the US to go about making law – that will have wide repercussions, with regard to EU interests. According to opinion surveys among European companies from all sectors, one of the principal risks of doing business in the US is that politically motivated prosecutors can use criminal investigations as a form of regulation. These events demonstrate that this risk may be a very real one.”

 

Professor Joseph Weiler, who directs the Jean Monnet Centre for International and European Economic Law and Justice at NYU School of Law, also commented, “In this area, the US has lost all its cases and appeals before the WTO’s highest judicial authorities. And yet in what can only be described as puzzling and haughty contempt for the rule of law, it is acting as if it won those cases. The US is pursuing European nationals and corporations and threatening them with lengthy jail time and punitive fines based on US laws which have already been unequivocally held to be in violation of American WTO obligations. This is without precedent. It deals a blow to the multilateral trade system at the worst possible moment for the world economy and to Western economies which rely increasingly on services for our prosperity. It serves no discernible American national interest. This is a bad day for the reputation of the US in the area of international law.”

 

 …

Feature article – Blackjack

 

 

 

History of Blackjack Advantage Systems Development, Part II – The Forgotten Man Of Blackjack, by Jerry Patterson

Harvey Dubner And The High-low Point Count System

 

It is interesting to speculate on what might have transpired if nothing more would have been done in the development of card counting systems following the 1962 publication of Thorp’s book. The game certainly would not have been as popular because of reasons noted in earlier articles and few, if any, additional blackjack books might have been published. Thorp and his cumbersome ten-count system probably would have been forgotten and you may never have heard of Lawrence Revere, Ken Uston, Lance Humble, Richard Canfield, or Jerry Patterson.

 

But additional work was done and it was performed by a man who has since become “the forgotten man of blackjack.” His name is Harvey Dubner and he invented the Point-count System – the system which led to scores of developmental projects, over 100 published blackjack books with the end not yet in sight, blackjack teams, concealed computers and shuffletracking.

 

Why isn’t Harvey Dubner recognized for his point-count system – a fantastic contribution to the world of blackjack? What is the impact of this early breakthrough on the current state of the art in blackjack card counting systems?

 

To find the answer to these two questions, we must start by moving forward one year after the first edition of Thorp’s book was published in 1962 – to the Fall Joint Computer Conference held in Las Vegas in 1963. On a whim, the conference organizers decided to include a Panel Session on “Using Computers in Slot Gacor Games of Chance and Skill.” Ed Thorp, author of the all-time best selling blackjack book, Beat The Dealer, was designated as Chairman of the Panel and experts on the various casino games, including blackjack, roulette and baccarat, were invited to speak, this author among them. You can guess who stole the show – Harvey Dubner with his description of his High/Low Point-count method.

 

To understand what I’m about to describe below, let me remind you that in Part 2 of the series (AP, March 2000), I described the problems associated with learning and using Thorp’s Ten Count System published in the first edition of his best selling book, Beat The Dealer.

 

I’ll never forget that session for as long as I live. Not realizing that most “computerniks” (as they were called at that time borrowing the suffix from the Russian Sputnik satellite) were also inveterate blackjack players, they scheduled the Panel Discussion in one of their smaller meeting rooms. The room filled up and overflowed 45 minutes before the session was scheduled to start! Hundreds of conference attendees were pushing and shoving to get into the room.

 

The crowd, of course, had been drawn by Thorp. They were expecting revelations on the game and anticipated using his imparted wisdom immediately following the session to make a killing at the blackjack tables. Thorp moderated the panel and introduced the speakers one by one.

 

Allen Wilson, who subsequently wrote The Casino Gamblers Guide, described his approach to finding biased roulette wheels and then presented an interesting graphic on the evolution of blackjack’s basic strategy. Beginning with the original strategy derived by Cantey, McDermott, Maisel and Baldwin, his graphic displayed the advantage the player achieved – beginning with slightly minus and increasing up to around 0.1 slightly positive as new studies were conducted by various groups and individuals between 1958 and 1963.

 

After one or two more presentations, Tony C. presented our findings resulting from the first blackjack computer simulation model I had programmed for the IBM 709 computer (see AP #2, March 2000 for a description). They were significant mainly because we had validated Thorp’s ten-count system with a totally different method than his mathematical formulation – playing it in over 500,000 simulated hands.

 

Then Dubner was introduced. After a short background discussion on how he had come to invent the point-count method leading to advantage blackjack, he described the approach. Dubner kept a count of remaining high cards (10,J,Q,K,A) and low cards (2,3,4,5,6) as the cards were played and divided its difference by total cards left to play. He called the result the High-Low Ratio and used this to size his bet.

 

His presentation was enthusiastically received by the standing room only crowd and he was given a round of applause at its conclusion. At the conclusion of the panel discussion, Dubner was mobbed by the crowd all wanting copies of his handout on the point-count system. Here at last, many were saying, is a system that is practical, that can actually be used in the real world of casino play.

 

This interesting historical background lays the groundwork for describing the impact of Dubner’s breakthrough on the evolution of the scores of point count system development projects that followed. They start with Thorp and Julian Braun and proceed right up to the new millennium with the publication of the latest blackjack book. Thorp incorporated Dubner’s system into the second edition of Beat the Dealer published in 1966 and offered some ideas for improvement. Did he have Dubner’s permission? He did acknowledge Dubner as its developer but, and this is my opinion, to justify including the system in his second edition and thus putting it in the public domain, he indicated that many of the readers of his book had also invented point-count systems. To prove this point he mentioned the publication of an ad in a Las Vegas newspaper offering a point-count system for $1,000.

 

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